GoldenEye (dir. Martin Campbell, 1995)
Score: 5½ to 6− out of 10.
Ghost in the Shell (dir. Oshii Mamoru, 1995)
“Technology is not a human artefact: it is as old as life on Earth. … Cities are no more artificial than the hives of bees. The Internet is as natural as a spider’s web. As Margulis and Sagan have written, we are ourselves technological devices, invented by ancient bacterial communities as means of genetic survival: ‘We are a part of an intricate network that comes from the original bacterial takeover of the Earth. Our powers and intelligence do not belong specifically to us but to all life.’ Thinking of our bodies as natural and of our technologies as artificial gives too much importance to the accident of our origins. If we are replaced by machines, it will be in an evolutionary shift no different from that when bacteria combined to create our earliest ancestors.” —John N. Gray, Straw Dogs: Thoughts on Humans and Other Animals (2002)